CODE OF SAFE PRACTICE FOR CARGO STOWAGE. AND SECURING (CSS CODE). Edition. Supplement. April The following amendments were. Therefore, seafarers must refer to the IMO Code of Safe Practice for Cargo Stowage and Securing, apply the guidance and, equally, apply common sense and. hater drous to come se improperestomage and securing. In all cases, improper stowage and securing of cargo will be potentially haxardous to the securing of.
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Appendix B- Guidclines for the Preparation of the Cargo Securing Manual, Under the IMO Code of Safe Practice for Cargo Stowage and Securing. ships. by the Sub-Committee on Dangerous Goods, Solid Cargoes and Contain- ers) developed the Code of Safe Practice for Cargo Stowage and Securing. The Code . stowage and securing of items of cargo on cargo ships. Readers should take The code of safe practice for cargo stowage and securing. 8. Cargo securing.
This is a percentage of its breaking strength. If there is any doubt, make sure that those concerned check with the Chief Officer or Master of the ship. You cannot post new topics in this forum You cannot reply to topics in this forum You cannot edit your posts in this forum You cannot delete your posts in this forum You cannot vote in polls in this forum You cannot attach files in this forum You cannot download files in this forum. Cargo unit: It may be necessary to return it to the shippers. There are four twistlocks that distribute the forces between all four corners.
The Assembly recommended that Governments implement the Code at the earliest possible opportunity and requested the Maritime Safety Committee to keep it under review and amend it as necessary.
In this regard, the CSS Code has undergone subsequent changes through the years as follows: The purpose of the CSS Code is to provide an international standard to promote the safe stowage and securing of cargoes by: In providing such advice, it should be borne in mind that the Master is responsible for the safe conduct of the voyage and the safety of the ship, its crew and cargo.
General Principles. All cargoes should be stowed and secured in such a way that the ship and persons on board are not put at risk. The safe stowage and securing of cargoes depend on proper planning, execution and supervision.
Personnel commissioned to tasks of cargo stowage and securing should be properly qualified and experienced. Personnel planning and supervising the stowage and securing of cargo should have a sound practical knowledge of the application and content of the Cargo Securing Manual. In all cases, improper stowage and securing of cargo will be potentially hazardous to the securing of other cargoes and to the ships itself. Decisions taken for measures of stowage and securing cargo should be based on the most severe weather conditions which may be expected by experience for the intended voyage.
Ship-handling decisions taken by the master, especially in bad weather conditions, should take into account the type and stowage position of the cargo and the securing arrangements. For further information about the CSS Code, please send an email to ccc imo. It is not intended that this guide will give details of precisely how to secure any particular items of cargo.
It will set out the basics and point to publications which give the rules to be followed. This guide contains information, such as for the calculation of lashings, taken from Codes, but only that which is essential for the clear understanding of the text. Notice from: SerTan Newer edition: Reply Toggle Dropdown Quote. Reply Display posts from previous: This must always include calculating the stack weights and checking the lashings. Heavier items should be placed at the bottom of a stack.
Pre-calculated securing arrangements are necessary and results are categorised by simple parameters detailed in the Cargo Securing Manual. This allows fast and appropriate decisions on securing measures. Therefore, seafarers must refer to the IMO Code of Safe Practice for Cargo Stowage and Securing, apply the guidance and, equally, apply common sense and professionalism. Experience is also necessary. Each of these categories requires its own training programme.
There are three principal stowage patterns: Side stowage may involve items of varying dimension and weights. The items may be stowed on deck or in a hold but all will need securing on all sides to prevent sliding and tipping. Space around them must also be taken into account. This is the most difficult stowage pattern.
What is the Job of a Cargo Superintendent? What is a Stowage Plan? The stowage plan is commonly prepared ashore at the shipping company's office or in a terminal-based planning centre, well in advance of the arrival of the ship. However, the master remains responsible for it and is obliged to amend the plan as necessary and finally to approve it. Everything should be pre- approved by the ship to make sure it is safe. If there is any doubt, make sure that those concerned check with the Chief Officer or Master of the ship.
The Manual: What Difficulties Might Be Encountered? Even experienced sea- farers do not always fully consider their effect on the cargo. They may sail with it secured well below the standard that is necessary.
The motion of a ship is neither constant nor regular and the effect on the cargo is to pull and push it in all directions. Specifically, the forces involved are: What Information is Available on Acceleration at Sea?
The examples shown in the video include the following: A set of pipes: If dunnage is used between tiers put substantial timberwork at the sides to prevent movement. Use chocks wedges. Mixing dif- ferent diameters will lead to bigger gaps between the pipework which will al- low shifting to occur. A lightweight wooden crate: It may be necessary to return it to the shippers.
A bundle of steelwork with web strapping: A small caterpillar digger: Second-hand trucks: When loading on a trailer, the vehicles can be watched to see if the brakes are secure. If brakes are poor more lashing can be attached to the individual vehicles so that they are properly secured. A heavy generator: A lashing plan and diagram should accompany the load plan. Any welding must be carried out in advance of loading cargo and under a permit to work system. Ask your fellow seafarers for other examples from their own experience!
These are general points. Detailed information about lashings is provided in the sec- tion on sliding and tipping given below. If movement occurs due to any space re- maining, that space will become bigger and allow the movement to increase.
This is a percentage of its breaking strength. However, the IMO guidelines suggest how much lashing is necessary and by what method. Securing devices should be: The IMO advanced method should be used for heavy lifts. The MSL of a lashing consisting of a wire, turnbuckle and shackle is the lowest MSL figure of all the elements in the lashing, including the deck ring.
If these are not available, use separate lashings, leading to port and to starboard to encircle the piecefas- ten wire lashings by one of the following two methods: Form an eye at each end using bulldog grips: Ensure that the bulldog grips are fitted with the bridge piece on the live part of the wire.
Or, form a grommet as shown: In this arrangement, each part under load is taken around the anchorage point creating friction. It be- comes a dead end on the other side of the anchorage point.
The bulldog grips are therefore used to fasten one dead end of wire and one part under load. That is safe.