Lee Kuan Yew. ○ Singapore PM(). ○ Founder of People's. Action Party (PAP). ○ Father of Singapore. ○ Passed away March 𝗣𝗗𝗙 | On Feb 1, , Hong Liu and others published Lee Kuan In book: Lee Kuan Yew Through the Eyes of Chinese Scholars, pp PDF | The late Mr. Lee Kuan Yew was the founding father of the nation of Singapore. He was also a philosopher king in the mold of Plato's.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Portuguese|
|ePub File Size:||29.59 MB|
|PDF File Size:||15.41 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Regsitration Required]|
SINGAPORE - The passing of Singapore's founding father Lee Kuan Yew. History of the Botanic Gardens, Singapore's first Unesco site. Tips on. SINGAPORE - Two e-books about the late Mr Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore's founding Prime Minister, are now available free for download on The Straits Times Star E-books app. The PDFs of The Straits Times print coverage of Mr Lee's passing are now also available on ST's website for free. A NEW BOOK FROM “Lee Kuan Yew's contributions to Singapore are well- known but his innermost Chairman of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy;.
Baldauf, B. Malden, MA: The Alchemy of English: Department of Statistics University of Microfilms International. Global Structures, Local Mar- ketplace. Ho, and V.
Mandarin was propelled to replace Chinese languages such as Teochew, Hakka, and Cantonese, Hokien which were publicly labeled publicly as dia- lects, although such a classification is disputable by linguistics standards. However, what was not stressed, both in government rhetoric and academic writing, was the suitability of Mandarin as a culture-bearer. In reality, Man- darin was a Beijing dialect from the north. Cul- tures, values and customs, especially those surrounding rites of passage, are passed on through the use of dialects, not Mandarin.
Customs and traditions, even in basic practices such as the way of cooking, differ from one dialect group to another. A one-party gov- ernment had effectively created a scenario whereby Chinese Singaporeans are moving towards a less complex language situation where English has become dominant in formal communication, Mandarin in informal communication and Chinese dialects, once the dominant mother tongues of its citizens almost non-existent.
They were also now possessors of the two foremost global lan- guages in the world. Conclusion We have recounted how language has been used to intervene effectively in both the political and economic life in Singapore. While natural resources, a sustainable infrastructure, economic opportunities, peaceful neighbors, authoritarian government, and luck are all important ingredients in the jour- ney from third world to first, the most foundational must surely be leadership for without it, all these elements would not fall into place.
For many of us, the loss of a mother tongue is too much to bear for these tongues are very precious since it often sur- rounds us from cradle to death and its loss may be likened to a loss of life. Yet there is a mystical quality in the spirit of sacrifice, which is indispensable to achievement.
For Lee, his mother tongue, Baba Malay was also led to the sac- rificial altar as it had no chance in his vision of ever being of pragmatic value despite its centuries-old status as the lingua franca of Southeast Asia.
Hence, abandoned by its foremost son, Baba Malay and the distinctive Baba culture is currently in imminent danger of extinction. Tan, ; Chew, Lee broke tradition by sending his three children to Chinese-medium schools to learn Mandarin as a first language, a language in which they them- selves were to excel, and a language which he and his wife did not speak at home.
It was a wise move to signal his sincerity and belief in the linguistic prowess of China; as well as an expedient stratagem to win political votes from the Chinese-educated. No one could accuse him of insincerity since he and his family had also to learn to speak a linguistically unrelated language Mandarin vs. Malay and Hokien as mother tongues to replace the ones that no longer mattered. Lee himself spent much of his waking hours learning Man- darin and in his lifetime, had gone through the painful process of learning six languages.
For Lee, language is basically a tool, a process and not an end prod- uct — its life and death may be liken to the emergence and decline of flora. Some tools are useful while others have become antiquated — just as species may regularly appear through speciation and disappear through extinction cf Chew, Critical linguists have questioned whether the global trend for English to be introduced in all schools and at earlier grades at the cost of local language such as that undertaken in Singapore from the s are tenable longer term cf.
Mahboob, ; Mahboob and Paltridge, Pennycook has also questioned the belief that English is linked to national and economic development as studies show that students educated through such reforms have shown no marked difference from students who are educated in their local languages.
However, I think that truth is what pro- duces the results of social justice before the tribunal of life. While a debate of words and human rights carries on in intellectual circles, there is no denying that Singapore has been an economic powerhouse not least because of its enviable possession of the two foremost global languages of the twenty-first century. Whether the journey from third world to first has been worth the undertaking can only be individually answered by those who have enjoyed both its fruits and the pain of mother tongue abandonment.
Notes 1. Retrieved from http: Li, Dickson Singapore is most open economy: The Global Competitiveness Index — rankings and — comparisons. World Economic Forum, Singapore top business paradise for business: World Bank. Asiaone, 26 September According to the Corruption Perceptions Index, Singapore is consistently ranked as one of the least corrupt countries in the world, along with New Zealand and the Scandinavian countries.
Retrieved from: Lee Kuan Yew passed away in Ong, etc. The planning of Nanyang University established in was begun and financially supported by the Chinese-educated. Tan , a Baba who speaks no Chinese, reminisced how his year old was streamed into a vocational institute and classified as educationally subnormal as his Mandarin was abysmal.
Her Research interests are Language, sociolinguistics, comparative religion, and world Englishes. References Alsagoff, L. Hybridity in the ways of speaking. The glocalizaton of English in Sin- gapore. Lim, A. Pakir and L. Wee Eds English in Singapore. Modernity and Management, — Ang, Cheng Guan Ayer, A.
The principle of verification. Nye Ed. Philosophy of Language: The Big Questions. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers. Baldauf, B. Language planning and multilingualism. Chapelle Ed. Wiley- Blackwell. Lee Kuan Yew: The Beliefs Behind the Man. Nordic Institute of Asian Studies. Asian Monograph Series no.
Richmond Surrey: Berman, B. Ethnicity and Democracy in Africa. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press. Bloodsworth, D. The Tiger and the Trojan Horse. Times Books Interna- tional. Chew, P. Emergent Lingua Francas and World Orders. New York: The emergence, role and future of the national language in Singapore. Fishman and G. Oxford University Press.
Chia, F. The Babas Revisited. Heinemann Asia. Chua, S. Report on the Census of Population State of Singapore. Clammer, J. Straits Chinese Society. Singapore University Press. Curdt-Christiansen, X-L. Learning environments: The enactment of educational policies in Singapore. Ward Ed. De Silva, K. New Delhi: India, Pen- guin Books. Deterding, D. Singapore English.
Edinburgh University Press. Census of population Department of Statistics. Department of Statistics Advance Data Release.
Singa- pore: Census of Population Census of Population Advance Data Release. Goh, K. Report on the Ministry of Education Singapore National Printers. Gopinathan, S. Ethnicity Management and Lan- guage Education Policy: Towards a modified model of language education in Singapore schools. Lai Ed. Beyond Rituals and Riots: Ethnic Pluralism and Social Cohesion in Singapore, — Eastern Universities Press.
Lee Kuan Yew.
Hard Truths to keep Singapore Going. Straits Times Press. Hardwick, P. Constructing Peranakan identity in colonial and post-colonial Singapore.
Forum, 38 1: Harper, T. See our Remembering Lee Kuan Yew interactive special. A collaboration between The Straits Times and the Singapore Police Force, this e-book recounts some of the most famous crimes in the country.
A recap of the paper's evolution from an eight-page weekly in , to a daily to , to the paper of national record in the 20th century. In conjunction with The Straits Times Run at the Hub race in , the paper launched this e-book that contains 10 types of tips for a runner to run a good race. You can also find more food recipes published in The Straits Times here.
A selection of articles from a print special produced with Asia News Network partners on the 10th anniversary of the Indian Ocean tsunami. See ST's interactive special on the 10th anniversary of the tsunami. Refresh and try again. Graham Allison. Robert D. Quotes by Lee Kuan Yew. Yes, if I did not, had I not done that, we wouldn't be here today.
And I say without the slightest remorse, that we wouldn't be here, we would not have made economic progress, if we had not intervened on very personal matters - who your neighbour is, how you live, the noise you make, how you spit, or what language you use. We decide what is right. Never mind what the people think. I think that shows a certain weakness of mind - an inability to chart a course whichever way the wind blows, whichever way the media encourages the people to go, you follow.
If you can't force or are unwilling to force your people to follow you, with or without threats, you are not a leader. This can only be done by not being beaten in the argument with our critics.
They complain that I come down too hard on their arguments. But wrong ideas have to be challenged before they influence public opinion and make for problems. Those who try to be clever at the expense of the government should not complain if my replies are as sharp as their criticisms.