Isaac Newton was born in the manor house of the tiny village of Woolsthorpe, near Grantham Newton goes), his life hung in the balance for a week after birth . 8 Isaac Newton. Potted biography. • born in Lincolnshire, East Midlands of England. • He was a small & weak baby. • Father died before birth. Mother. Newton's Life. In , the year Galileo died, Isaac Newton was born in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, His father had died three months earlier, and baby Isaac.
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Sir Isaac Newton is generally regarded as the most original and influential theorist in the history of science. His passion was to unite knowledge and belief. PDF | Biography Isaac Newton was an English physicist and mathematician, who made seminal contributions to several domains of science. He was the greatest scientist of his day, perhaps of all time. But while Isaac Newton was busy discovering the universal law of gravitation, he was also searching.
English physicist and mathematician Sir Isaac Newton, most famous for his law of gravitation, was instrumental in the scientific revolution of the 17th century. He shared this with friend and mentor Isaac Barrow, but didn't include his name as author. Of course, Newton was proven wrong on some of his key assumptions. Among the dissenters was Robert Hooke , one of the original members of the Royal Academy and a scientist who was accomplished in a number of areas, including mechanics and optics. The experience left an indelible imprint on Newton, later manifesting itself as an acute sense of insecurity.
In Isaac Newton was elected a fellow of Trinity College. The same year he was elected a member of the Royal Society. In February a paper he wrote about light and colours was read to the society.
In Isaac Newton became Lucasian professor of mathematics. In the meantime, in , he invented a reflecting telescope. He became an MP again in but he did not take an active part in politics.
It set out his theory of gravity and his laws of motion. In Isaac Newton was made Ward of the mint and in Master of the mint. He resigned his fellowship and professorship at Cambridge in In stock. SKU K Add to Cart.
Formats Included in this Purchase: Add to Wish List Add to Compare. This biography delves into: The era of his birth and his upbringing in the Christian faith His studies and how they led to his world-changing discoveries Lessons taught by his life regarding science and Christianity From the powerful Attic Books "Life of" Series, that features biographies of heroes of the Faith.
Skip to the end of the images gallery. Skip to the beginning of the images gallery. Related Downloads. Newton denied Hooke's charge that his theories had any shortcomings and argued the importance of his discoveries to all of science.
In the ensuing months, the exchange between the two men grew more acrimonious, and soon Newton threatened to quit the society altogether. He remained only when several other members assured him that the Fellows held him in high esteem. Isaac of all trades.
English scientist and mathematician Isaac Newton is most famous for his law of gravitation, and was instrumental in the scientific revolution of the 17th century. Photo by UniversalImagesGroup.
The rivalry between Newton and Hooke would continue for several years thereafter. Then, in , Newton suffered a complete nervous breakdown and the correspondence abruptly ended.
The death of his mother the following year caused him to become even more isolated, and for six years he withdrew from intellectual exchange except when others initiated correspondence, which he always kept short. During his hiatus from public life, Newton returned to his study of gravitation and its effects on the orbits of planets.
Ironically, the impetus that put Newton on the right direction in this study came from Robert Hooke. In a letter of general correspondence to Royal Society members for contributions, Hooke wrote to Newton and brought up the question of planetary motion, suggesting that a formula involving the inverse squares might explain the attraction between planets and the shape of their orbits.
Subsequent exchanges transpired before Newton quickly broke off the correspondence once again. But Hooke's idea was soon incorporated into Newton's work on planetary motion, and from his notes it appears he had quickly drawn his own conclusions by , though he kept his discoveries to himself. In early , in a conversation with fellow Royal Society members Christopher Wren and Edmond Halley, Hooke made his case on the proof for planetary motion.
Both Wren and Halley thought he was on to something, but pointed out that a mathematical demonstration was needed.
In August , Halley traveled to Cambridge to visit with Newton, who was coming out of his seclusion. Halley idly asked him what shape the orbit of a planet would take if its attraction to the sun followed the inverse square of the distance between them Hooke's theory.
Newton knew the answer, due to his concentrated work for the past six years, and replied, "An ellipse. Upon the publication of the first edition of Principia in , Robert Hooke immediately accused Newton of plagiarism, claiming that he had discovered the theory of inverse squares and that Newton had stolen his work. The charge was unfounded, as most scientists knew, for Hooke had only theorized on the idea and had never brought it to any level of proof.
Newton, however, was furious and strongly defended his discoveries. He withdrew all references to Hooke in his notes and threatened to withdraw from publishing the subsequent edition of Principia altogether. Halley, who had invested much of himself in Newton's work, tried to make peace between the two men. While Newton begrudgingly agreed to insert a joint acknowledgement of Hooke's work shared with Wren and Halley in his discussion of the law of inverse squares, it did nothing to placate Hooke.
As the years went on, Hooke's life began to unravel. His beloved niece and companion died the same year that Principia was published, in As Newton's reputation and fame grew, Hooke's declined, causing him to become even more bitter and loathsome toward his rival. To the very end, Hooke took every opportunity he could to offend Newton.
Knowing that his rival would soon be elected president of the Royal Society, Hooke refused to retire until the year of his death, in Following the publication of Principia , Newton was ready for a new direction in life. He no longer found contentment in his position at Cambridge and was becoming more involved in other issues.
He helped lead the resistance to King James II's attempts to reinstitute Catholic teaching at Cambridge, and in he was elected to represent Cambridge in Parliament. While in London, Newton acquainted himself with a broader group of intellectuals and became acquainted with political philosopher John Locke. Though many of the scientists on the continent continued to teach the mechanical world according to Aristotle , a young generation of British scientists became captivated with Newton's new view of the physical world and recognized him as their leader.
However, within a few years, Newton fell into another nervous breakdown in The cause is open to speculation: It's difficult to know the exact cause, but evidence suggests that letters written by Newton to several of his London acquaintances and friends, including Duillier, seemed deranged and paranoiac, and accused them of betrayal and conspiracy.
Oddly enough, Newton recovered quickly, wrote letters of apology to friends, and was back to work within a few months. He emerged with all his intellectual facilities intact, but seemed to have lost interest in scientific problems and now favored pursuing prophecy and scripture and the study of alchemy.
While some might see this as work beneath the man who had revolutionized science, it might be more properly attributed to Newton responding to the issues of the time in turbulent 17th century Britain. Many intellectuals were grappling with the meaning of many different subjects, not least of which were religion, politics and the very purpose of life. Modern science was still so new that no one knew for sure how it measured up against older philosophies.
In , Newton was able to attain the governmental position he had long sought: She was the mistress of Lord Halifax, a high-ranking government official who was instrumental in having Newton promoted, in , to master of the Mint—a position that he would hold until his death. Not wanting it to be considered a mere honorary position, Newton approached the job in earnest, reforming the currency and severely punishing counterfeiters.
As master of the Mint, Newton moved the British currency, the pound sterling, from the silver to the gold standard. However Newton never seemed to understand the notion of science as a cooperative venture, and his ambition and fierce defense of his own discoveries continued to lead him from one conflict to another with other scientists. By most accounts, Newton's tenure at the society was tyrannical and autocratic; he was able to control the lives and careers of younger scientists with absolute power.
In , in a controversy that had been brewing for several years, German mathematician Gottfried Leibniz publicly accused Newton of plagiarizing his research, claiming he had discovered infinitesimal calculus several years before the publication of Principia.